The Galileo Project is a transparent scientific project designed to advance a systematic experimental search for cross-validated evidence of potential astro-archeological artifacts or active technical equipment made by presumed existing or extinct extraterrestrial technological civilizations (ETCs). The goal of the project, say its founders, is to bring the search for extraterrestrial technological signatures from accidental or anecdotal observations and legends to the mainstream of transparent, validated and systematic scientific research.
"In 2017, the world for the first time observed an interstellar object, called 'Oumuamua, that was briefly visiting our solar system," says Professor Avi Loeb, head of the Galileo Project. "Based on astronomical observations, 'Oumuamua' turned out to have highly anomalous properties that defy well-understood natural explanations. We can only speculate whether 'Oumuamua may be explained by never seen before natural explanations, or by stretching our imagination to 'Oumuamua perhaps being an extraterrestrial technological object, similar to a very thin light-sail or communications dish, which would fit the astronomical data rather well."
"Given the recently discovered abundance of habitable-zone exoplanets with potential for extraterrestrial life," says Loeb, "the Galileo Project is dedicated to the proposition that humans can no longer ignore the possible existence of ETCs. Science should not reject potential extraterrestrial explanations because of social stigma or cultural preferences that are not conducive to the scientific method of unbiased, empirical inquiry. We now must 'dare to look through new telescopes', both literally and figuratively."
While researchers have found a natural explanation that could explain 'Oumuamua's unusual characteristics - that it is a chunk of nitrogen ice - Loeb argues that his theory that it was an artificial object remains a reasonable plausibility based on the evidence. In any case, says Loeb, irrespective of the possibility that the Galileo Project may discover additional, or even extraordinary evidence for ETCs, at a minimum the Galileo Project will gather rich data sets that may foster the discovery of - or better scientific