AI chip aims at predictive maintenance in smart factories

AI chip aims at predictive maintenance in smart factories
Technology News |
Rohm Semiconductor (Kyoto, Japan) and A*STAR’s Institute of Microelectronics (Singapore) have joined forces to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) chip aimed at boosting efficiency in the predictive maintenance of smart factories.
By Rich Pell

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The concept of ‘Predictive Maintenance’ has become widespread in the manufacturing industry as manufacturers begin to digitalize their production lines for increased productivity and competitiveness. By monitoring the function and health of machines based on data received through device logs and sensors, predictive maintenance analytics can forecast machine failures and eventually trigger some alarms so technicians can take counter-measures in time, such as servicing or replacing the affected machine.

In order for any machine abnormality to be detected throughout a production line, diverse amounts of data gathered from multiple sensors are first transmitted over a wireless network to a central computer server for processing and analysis. But as the number of sensors increases in the future, the wireless communication technology for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) may be facing bandwidth constraints and be unable to transmit the increasingly large sensor data to the computer server.

Powered by the Internet of Things (IoT), AI is becoming a key enabler for predictive maintenance and performance improvement, because of its cognitive abilities such as learning, reasoning and problem-solving. Rohm and IME aim to develop an AI chip that is capable of processing and analyzing data at the source, drastically reduces the amount of sensor data to be transmitted wirelessly to a central computer server for it to be further processed and analyzed.

Wireless transmission of sensor data to computer server.

Leveraging Rohm’s original AI analytical algorithms and IME’s capabilities in ultra-low power analog/digital integrated circuit and systems, as well as analog computation circuits developed by both parties, the AI chip is expected to filter volumes of data across multiple sensors and analyze complex data patterns in real-time.

Overview of chip with artificial intelligence algorithms.

The new AI chip should also perform significantly faster than the conventional method for predictive maintenance while reducing power consumption.

Rohm Semiconductor’s plans is to make the AI chip compatible with wireless technologies such as Wi-SUN and EnOcean, to later incorporate it into its proprietary sensor nodes and wireless modules. 

“I’m exceptionally delighted that we have our first opportunity for cooperative research with A*STAR’s IME. Through the fusion of Rohm’s sensor technology, analog low-power technology and AI architecture with IME capabilities in low-power integrated circuit technology, we want to provide the optimum solutions for edge nodes”, commented Mr Koji Taniuchi, Fundamental Research and Development Division, General Manager at Rohm.

Rohm Semiconductor – www.rohm.com 
A*STAR Institute of Microelectronics – www.ime.a-star.edu.sg.

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