The world of manufacturing is changing—and doing so very quickly. Customers demand more personalisation.Manufacturers demand higher productivity more agile responses to market changes. Product quality and worker safety are becoming a higher priority. Competitors are popping up all over the globe, and new technologies such as 3D printing are redefining who is a ‘producer.’ Manufacturers still experience a significant amount of downtime annually, 30% of itunexpected. Simultaneously, skilled workforces are aging, leaving two million jobs in the United States alone at risk of not being filled. Driven by the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), a new kind of factory is emerging to address these pressures—one that is connected, data driven, and architecturally open. This new smart factory is defined not only by greater machine automation, but also by hyperagility, autonomous production, and the use of data as a business tool.